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Spine Surgery


Advanced and Affordable Spine Surgery at leading Spine Hospitals in India


ThumbMore and more people are suffering with neck and back pain as a result of sedentary lifestyle, obesity and various other factors. Hence there is an increasing incidence of spinal problems from simple conditions like neck and back pain to complex problems like the degenerative disc disease, herniated discs, spondylosis, spinal stenosis etc which may result in severe back pain and even affect mobility sometimes. Take for example the scenario in US .Back pain is one of the most common problems that people are facing in the US. Approximately 80% of people are experiencing back pain at some time in their life. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) about 27 million adults reported having back problems in the year 2007. Spine Treatment in countries like US or UK is very expensive and sometimes has a very long waiting time. Hence a lot of patients come to India to have high quality and affordable spine surgery.

Mentors Ethicare Pvt. Ltd. has helped many patients with spinal problems to avail spine treatment at some of the best spine hospitals in India. They have undergone surgery with top spine specialists in India at a very affordable cost. Mentors Ethicare Pvt. Ltd. has developed a program to help patients from all over the world to benefit from spine surgery at its network spine hospitals in India that offer minimally invasive and technologically advanced spine surgery to alleviate pain and help patients enjoy a better quality of life.

Our Network Spine Hospitals in India offer Advanced Technology for Diagnosis and Treatment of Spine Problems that helps in better clinical outcomes and quicker recovery



While MRI and CT scans provide detailed pre-operative information, neuronavigation allows the neurosurgeon to view this information in real time. This technique provides a virtual link between the anatomical structures and surgical tools, while the surgery is being performed. Neuronavigation is done using three primary components :

  • CT or MRI to generate images

  • Pointer Device

  • Image Processing System

The system generates 3D images which are registered with the patient landmarks to provide a real-time intra-operative information for surgical guidance. With neuronavigation the surgeon can have a 'virtual walk' through the affected area and understand the extent of damage.

Dedicated Neurosurgical ICU

ThumbIn recent years, the art of neurosurgery has been revolutionized by the development of microsurgery techniques, frameless stereotaxy and neuro-imaging modalities. After the surgery , the finesse in managing the neurosurgical ICU (NICU) significantly contributes to desirable outcomes in the patients.


Our network spine hospitals in India have cutting edge technology in 3T MRI, 64 Slice CT , Cerebral angiography (DSA), routine ultrasound and digital radiography, array of diagnostic ad minimally invasive surgical and diagnostic procedures and a team of highly trained specialists are available round the clock.


Multidisciplinary Approach

Our network spine hospitals in India use multidisciplinary approach in spine patient care. Teams of highly experienced and qualified doctors from various specialties, nurses and paramedical staff work under the supervision of attending neurosurgery specialist. The attending neurosurgery specialist outlines and individualized medical programme and oversees the activities of all the practioners involved. Excellent support is provided by more than 50 super specialties to enhance patient care.

The important members of the team are Neurologists (who diagnose and treat conditions of the nervous system focusing on specific area such as stroke, epilepsy, headache, movement disorders and other diseases) ,Neurosurgeons (who have specific areas of interest such as brain tumour, spine surgery, endoscopic surgery, endovascular surgery, epilepsy surgery, Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)) and Intervention Neuroradiologists (who use a nonsurgical, catheter based approach - similar to cardiac catheterization for heart disease - to treat vascular (blood vessel) diseases that affect the nervous system.

Minimally Invasive Spine SurgeryThumb

Minimally invasive spine surgery offers several advantages over open surgery. Unlike open spine surgery, the minimally invasive spine surgery does not require large incisions, muscle stripping, more anesthesia, a long hospital stay, and a long recuperation period. Some of the very common benefits of minimally invasive surgery are as follows

  • Shorter hospital stay

  • Reduced postoperative pain

  • Less blood loss during surgery or procedure

  • Reduced risk of infection

  • Lesser scarring with just few tiny scars instead of one large scar

  • Shorter recovery time and hence quicker return to daily activities


Neuro Rehabilitation

Physiotherapy and rehabilitation play a very important role in quicker recovery and better mobility of the patient. In simple, it optimizes the potential of patient's recovery. Each patient is evaluated and functional goals are discussed and planned with the patient. An interdisciplinary team compromising various specialists comes into play.

Understanding Spine Structure, Spine Problems and various Spine Procedures and Surgery offered at our network Spine Hospitals in India


Know the Anatomy of Spine


ThumbThe spine is the most important part of our body as it gives structure and support to the body. Spine is commonly known as backbone. It is mainly responsible for supporting the body, maintaining posture, and facilitating in twisting, bending and other movements of the body. It also protects the spinal cord from injuries.

Our spine is broadly divided in to three main components, namely:

  • 1. Spinal column that constitutes bones and discs

  • 2. Neural element which includes the spinal cord and nerve roots and lastly

  • 3. The supporting structures i.e. muscles and ligaments.


It is very interesting to know that the shape of our spine changes drastically from a C-shape when a baby is born to a slightly S-shape in an adult. These curves of the spine function as a coiled spring which helps in maintaining balance of the body, absorbing shock and allowing proper movement.

Now let us understand the different components of a Spine

1.  The Spinal Column

Vertebrae:The spinal column is composed of 33 small boney building blocks like structure known as vertebrae. These vertebras are interlocked with each other but are separated with the help of a cushion like structure known as Intervertebral discs. Each vertebra has a unique feature and out of these 33 vertebras only 24 are movable. Each vertebra has three elements:

  • A drum shaped body situated on the front which is so designed that is bears weight and also endures compression.

  • An arch shaped bone located on the posterior side which helps protecting the spinal cord.

  • Star-shaped processes which is also situated at the posterior end and it is protruded outwardly so that the muscles attaches to it for supporting the spine.

Now let's have a glance at the function and structure of the five different regions of the spine.

  • 1. Cervical region- Consisting of 7 vertebrae's from C1 to C7. These make up the neck of our body and are responsible to support the weight of the head. This region is gifted with the maximum range of motion and that is because of the two special C1 and C2 vertebras. C1 is also known as Atlas and it is like a ring in shape which is connected to the skull at one end and to C2 or axis on the other end. The atlas allows the "yes" or the nodding motion of the head. The second vertebra i.e. C2 or Axis and it is peg-shaped. This aids the body in doing a side to side or "no" motion of the head.

  • 2. Thoracic region- This region comprises of 12 vertebrae's from T1 to T12 and constitutes our Upper back. It is attached to the rib cage and is responsible for protecting the different organs present in the chest region. This region has a limited range of motion.

  • 3. Lumbar region- Consists of 5 large sized vertebrae's from L1 to L7. These make up the lower back of our body and it plays a very vital role as they bear the whole weight of the body

  • 4. Sacral region- In this region the 5 vertebrae's are fused together to form a bony sacrum. This sacrum in conjugation with the hip bones forms a Pelvic Girdle that protects the pelvic organs.

  • 5. Coccygeal region- Also known as Coccyx or as it is fondly called the tailbone of the body is formed by the fusion of the remaining 4 vertebras. But it is of no use to our bodies, in fact they are the embryological leftover of a tail that existed in our ancestors.

Intervertebral Discs: The 24 movable vertebras are separated with the help of cushion like intervertebral discs which are responsible to prevent the erosion of vertebras from rubbing against each other. These discs make up approximately one-forth of the spine's length. These discs have two parts, the outer part is known as Annulus fibrous and the inner portion is known as Nucleus pulposus. Annulus fibrous is made up of tough criss-crossed collagen fiber bands which are attached to each vertebra. And Nucleus pulposes is a gel like fluid like a tyre tube that is present inside this tire thread like mesh of annulus fibrous. The gel filled nucleus is made up of fluid which is absorbed during the night time when we lie down and it is pushed out again once we move upright. As we grow old these discs loses the capability of properly reabsorbing the fluid which makes these intervertebral discs flat and brittle thus it affects our height as we grow old i.e. We get shorter as we grow old.

2.  The Neural Elements

Spinal Cord: The spinal cord extends from the brainstem to the first Lumber vertebra i.e. L1 and it is about 18 inches long and is as thick as our thumb. It runs safely inside the spinal canal that is formed by the vertebral arch. After the L1 vertebra the spinal cord separates into Cauda equine cord fibers and runs till the tail bone and further branches out to the lower body.The main function of the spinal cord is to pass the messages between the brain and the rest of the body and is commonly known as an information super-highway. The messages sent by the brain are known as motor messages that give instructions to the body to perform its function. And the body sent Sensory messages to the brain.

The nerve cells that constitute our spinal cord are called upper motor neuron and the nerves that branch out from the spinal cord are called lower motor neurons. These motor neurons nerves exit out from below of each vertebra and reach out to the whole body and thus any injury to the spinal cord can lead to a loss in the sensory and motor functions of the body.

Spinal Nerves: A total of 31 nerves stem out from the spinal cord, out of these 8 are present in the Cervical region, 12 in thoracic region, 5 each in the lumbar and sacral region and lastly 1 in the coccygeal region. These nerves are similar to telephone lines in function as these carry to and fro communication between the body and the spinal cord and finally to the brain and thus help in controlling the movement and sensation of the body. Each Spinal nerve has two roots namely Ventral or front root and Dorsal or Back root. The Ventral nerves carry motor impulses from the brain to other body parts whereas the Dorsal nerves carry sensory impulses from the body to the brain. These ventral and dorsal roots join to form a spinal nerve which exits through the intervertebral foramen and branches out in the body.

3.  Supporting structures

Muscles: The two key groups of muscles that influence and stabilize the spine are Flexors and Extensors. The extensor muscles are attached to the back side of the spine and they assist us in lifting objects and to stand upright. The flexor muscles are located in the front side of the spine and they help us to bend in any direction and control the arch of the lower back. Muscles play such a vital role that if you have poor muscle tone or have a large belly it can disturb the entire alignment of the body and this misalignment can put a lot of strain on the spine.

Ligaments: Ligaments are the tough rope-like band of tissues that stabilize the spine, protect the discs and hold the vertebras together. There are three kinds of ligaments around the spine which keeps the vertebras in alignment and allows the extension and flexion of the spine. The three kinds of ligaments are as follows:

  • Ligamentum flavum,

  • Anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL) and

  • Posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL)

The Ligamentum flavum ligament is present between the lamina of each vertebra whereas the PLL and ALL ligaments run along the spinal column from top to bottom and prevent excessive movement of the vertebras.

Common Spine Problems

  • Pain

  • Degenerative Disc Disease

  • Kyphosis

  • Scoliosis

  • Spondylolithesis

  • Whiplash

  • Spina Bifida

  • Spine problem in children

  • Neck Pain

  • Herniated Disc

  • Sciatica

  • Spinal Stenosis

  • Spondylosis

  • Spinal Tumors

  • Spinal Cord Injury

Spine Procedures and Surgery offered at our network Spine Hospitals in India

  • Anterior Cervical Discectomy

  • Micro Discectomy

  • Foraminotomy

  • Laminotomy

  • Spinal Laminectomy

  • Lumbar Disc Replacement

  • Nucleoplasty

  • Spinal Tumor Surgery

  • Revision Spine Surgery

  • Anterior Transoral Approach to Upper Cervical Spine

  • Endoscopic Micro Discectomy (MED)

  • PLIF (Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion)

  • Spinal Endoscopic Surgery

  • Stabilization of Traumatic Spine

  • Reconstruction of Traumatic Cervical Spine with Vascular Fibular Graft

  • Posterior Cervical Discectomy

  • Cervical Corpectomy

  • Laminoplasty

  • Lumbar Laminectomy

  • Cervical Disc Replacement

  • Kyphoplasty

  • Spinal Fusion Surgery

  • Vertebroplasty

  • Anterior cervical corpectomy spine surgery

  • Anterior Transoral Approach to Upper Cervical Spine

  • Micro Lumbar Discectomy (MLD)

  • Spinal Disc Replacement

  • Stabilization of Post C. V. Junction

  • Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

How to get started?

Now you can get connected to top neurosurgeons and spine surgery specialists in India and get a free no obligation expert opinion and quote. All you need to do is send the following details to us at

  • MRI Scan images and also the MRI Reports

  • List of chief complaints of the patient

  • Brief medical history and current condition of the patient

  • Age, name and sex of the patient

  • All the medical reports of the patient

Now you can get connected to top neurosurgeons and spine surgery specialists in India and get a free no obligation expert opinion and quote. All you need to do is send the following details to us at or call us anytime at 0091 9611 231 188.


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