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Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for
Gall Stones


Gallstones are tiny but hard pebble-like deposits that develops inside the gallbladder. Gallstones may be of the size of a grain of sand or as big as a golf ball. The gallbladder is a pear shaped organ of the digestive system, located in the right upper side of the abdomen right below the Liver. Gallstones develop when bile, i.e. the fluid inside the gallbladder solidifies into stone like pieces. This fluid is made in Liver and later stored in gallbladder for future usage. Bile is composed of water, fats, bile salts, cholesterol and waste products like bilirubin. Excess amount of these substances results in the hardening of bile liquid into gallstones.

There are basically two types of gallstones :

  • Cholesterol Stones : These are yellowish-green and are made up of hardened cholesterol. Most gallstones cases are of this kind.

  • Pigment Stones : These are small, dark stones made up of bilirubin.

Causes, Incidence, and Risk Factors

Gallstones are more widespread in women than in men and it affects people who are over age 40. Gallstones may also be inherited.

The following are some of the causes and risk factors that lead to gallstones:

  • When gallbladder is unable to empty bile properly.

  • Diseases like chronic hemolytic anemia and sickle cell anemia.

  • Billiary tract infections and Liver cirrhosis.

  • Diabetes Mellitus.

  • Eating a very low-calorie diet and rapid weight loss.

  • Intravenous feedings.


Symptoms of gallstones are as follows :

  • Fever

  • Abdominal Fullness

  • Pain or cramping in the right upper or middle
    upper abdomen.

  • Clay - Colored Stools

  • Vomiting and Nausea

  • Jaundice with Yellowing of skin and whites of the eyes


Tests used to detect gallstones or gallbladder inflammation includes:

  • Bilirubin level test

  • Liver function tests

  • Pancreatic enzymes test.

  • Abdominal USG and/ or CT Scan

  • Gallbladder radionuclide scan

  • ERCP -Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio Pancreatography

  • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)

  • Percutaneous transhepaticcholangiogram (PTCA)


Following are some of the treatment options for Gallstones:

  • Surgery : The surgery for gallbladder removal is known as Cholecystectomy. It is of two types Open cholecystectomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In Laproscopic procedure smaller surgical cuts are done which allows faster recovery.

  • Sphincterotomy : This is done with the help of Endoscopic Retrograde CholangioPancreatography(ERCP), this procedure is carried out to situate and treatgallstones in the common bile duct.

  • Drug Therapy : Certain medication is given to dissolve the cholesterol gallstones. But this treatment takes very long to cure the gallstones. There are possibilities of relapse of the disease after drug therapy.

  • Electrohydraulic Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) : This is advised for patients who cannot undergo surgery. ESWL is the non-invasive treatment of gallstones. In this procedure the stone is broken by applying nominal collateral damage by using an externally-applied, focused, high-intensity acoustic pulse.

Treatment for Gall Stones in India

Our network hospitals in India offer latest technology which helps surgeons to remove gallstones through few small incisions instead of a single large incision. This technique of doing surgery is called minimally invasive gall stone removal. Minimally invasive gall stone removal is done by inserting instrument called laparoscope through small incisions. The laparoscope has a minute camera at its tip which helps to see inside the body in real time. The video captured by this camera is displayed on the video monitor that helps the surgeons to see and operate using instruments whichare inserted through other small incisions. Since a laparoscope is used in surgery, this technique is also called as laparoscopic gall stone removal. Laparoscopic gall stone removal has several benefits for the patients. Some of the important benefits are as follows.

  • Shorter Hospital Stay

  • Quicker Recovery

  • Lesser Blood Loss

  • Lesser Scarring

  • Lesser Chances of Infection

It has to be noted that not all patients may be suitable for minimally invasive gall stone removal surgery. A team of expert surgeons will decide upon a particular technique only after thorough evaluation and testing of the patient.

To know more about the cost of Gall stone treatment at our network cancer hospitals in India, top doctors in India for treating gall stones, best hospital in India for the gall stone treatment etc.you can write to us or call us anytime.

How to get started?

If you are looking for high quality and affordable gall stone treatment and are willing to travel to India for treatment then it is very simple to get started. Just scan the following documents and send it to us by mail to info@mentorsethicare.com

  • Recent Medical Reports

  • Scan images and Reports (if available) and

  • Age of the patient

Once we get the medical reports, one of our patient service associates will contact you and guide you through the entire process step by step.

For more information on high quality and low cost gall stone treatment in India, you can write to us at info@mentorsethicare.com or call us anytime at 0091 9611 231 188


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